A third party competes against the existing two parties in general elections. For a third party to win, it must take votes from the Republican Party and Democratic Party. The third party will get more votes from the one party it is most like. If it does not win, it will succeed in bringing down the closest and most sympathetic party, thereby damaging its own cause.
In subsequent elections, party leaders may try to recapture the vote of the third party by adopting its principles. However, there may also be a backlash against the cause of the third party when the third party is seen to have compromised or “thrown” the election to the opposing party. Thus, a more stable and productive path is for third party votes to remain within one of the two parties, and assert their influence from within.
To effectively promote a cause not sufficiently supported by either existing party, an organization must first identify the most supportive party. Then the organization must run candidates in the primary elections against established party members deemed insufficiently supportive of the cause. The organization must avoid three-way contests in the general election.
The IParty issues appear to be best supported by the Democratic Party. Thus, the IParty should be a tent organization on the Democratic side which invites members from already formed third parties (the Green Party, Libertarian Party, Constitutional Party, etc), refugees from the Tea Party, and the two major parties.
The IParty is constituted as an adjunct to the Democratic party, similar to the Tea Party. The IParty will also have a separate identity from the Democratic Party, and nominate its own candidates where the Democratic Party fields none. To accomplish its goals under existing law, the IParty will comprise a national political party called the IParty Democrats, a political action committee called the IParty Super PAC, and a 501(c)(4) group called the IParty Wellbeing Group. The three will overlap in structure, brand, philosophy, and membership. The three organizations may be referred to as simply the “IParty” for the sake of brevity.
ii.) The IParty is Good for the Democratic Party. The Democratic Party must be reassured that the formation of an adjunct party is a good thing. The IParty will revitalize debate, attract attention and publicity, attract formerly disaffected voters, and help prevent the formation of vote-dividing third parties that could siphon votes away from the Democratic Party. The Democratic Party should be encouraged to build a positive relationship with the IParty and benefit from its unique identity. Moreover, the Democratic Party should be encouraged to adopt any popular issues raised by the IParty, and to use the IParty as an asset to defeat Republican candidates in districts currently held by Republican incumbents.
iii.) Small Percentages Win Primary Elections. The Democratic Primary elections will be a main focus of the IParty. The goal will be to have an IParty candidate in every democratic primary election, and a high turn out of IParty members to vote for those candidates. Both are necessary. A high turn out of IParty members is futile if there is no IParty candidate on the ballot. And getting an IParty candidate on the ballot is futile if the turnout of the IParty membership is low.
Many primary elections are not well attended by registered democrats. Ten percent participation in primary elections means the door is wide open. Using superior organization, networking and promotion, the IParty can get candidates into the general election with comparatively few votes. Also, the attention attracted to the candidates during this phase may be helpful in the general election. IParty candidates should be encouraged to view Democratic opponents as friendly. IParty candidates should also step into any race where the Democratic Party fails to field a candidate. Too many important offices go uncontested by the Democratic Party. There should always be a choice in every election; otherwise the election becomes an empty charade.
iv.) IParty Candidates will Not Continue as Independent Candidates. All IParty Candidates, in order to receive the backing of the IParty, must make a pledge to quit the race if they do not win in the democratic primary. The IParty promises to actively oppose any candidate breaking this essential pledge if the IParty candidate decides to continue the race as an independent candidate in the general election. It will be presumed the IParty candidate will likely throw the election to the republican candidate. Further, it will be presumed to set a bad precedent for the IParty to support the candidate, even when the candidate has favorable odds of winning the general election. In order to meet the long term goals of the IParty, the IParty will NOT under any circumstance support any candidate who does not win in the democratic primary election. Further, such a candidate will be permanently banned from membership within the IParty. If such a candidate can win despite the active opposition from their original party, then literally, more power to them.
v.) The IParty Needs Full Time Employees and New Members. Organizing a new party is not a part time job. The IParty needs funding for full time employees. The IParty also needs members to form a popular movement. A voting body can hone and refine IParty positions to spur a popular movement appealing to the general electorate. If the IParty takes positions that will prevent it from getting candidates elected, it must abandon those positions.